Membrane Switches

Our membrane switch flex circuit designs primarily include Polymer Thick Film (PTF) “membrane switches” such as graphic overlays, touch pads and key pads. Membrane switches function as a normally open, momentary contact, low-voltage pressure-sensitive circuit. The design of a membrane switch starts with a polyester layer. Through a screen printing process, conductive patterns are deposited onto the polyester layer. Then a dielectric insulator is added to insulate the conductive patterns and leave openings where the conductive ink should remain for electrical contact.

When pressure is applied to the top layer of the membrane switch circuit, it flexes through the punched openings of the spacer to establish electrical contact between conductive pads of the upper and lower sheets, momentarily closing the membrane switch circuit. When pressure is released from the top layer, the membrane switch circuit springs back to its normal open position.

We will take on any membrane switch design challenge involving graphic overlays and flex circuits because we are leaders in technology & process development of membrane switches and flex circuits. We will find a solution within our broad range of capabilities, including circuit design, engineering, manufacturing, die-cutting and surface mount technology. We take pride in tackling the toughest design challenges related to PTF flex circuits.

Membrane Switches
Flexible Circuit Technologies, a premier global supplier in design and production of
Flexible Circuits, Rigid Flex, Flexible Heaters, Flat Flex Cables, Membrane Switches, Plastic Moldings, Assemblies, Product Module Builds to Complete Product Box Builds

For more in depth information on Membrane Switches, click on the links below:


Graphic Overlay on Membrane Switch
Graphic Overlay on Membrane Switch

In addition to the general benefits described in flexible printed circuits, there are some unique benefits to polymer thick film circuits. They are as follows:

Environmentally Friendly – Utilizing additive printing of silver & carbon, the process of making polymer thick film circuits does not generate hazardous gases.

Cost Effective – Polyester is the most common substrate utilized in the PTF production process. As such, PTF circuits are generally cheaper to manufacture than other flex circuits.

Ease of Manufacture – Due to the simple screen printing process, membrane switches are very easily manufactured.

Cosmetic Appeal – Due to their streamlined design and the numerous graphic overlay options, polymer thick film circuits are cosmetically appealing.

Design Flexibility – As with all flexible circuits, design options are limitless.


Graphic Overlay on Membrane Switch with LED’s

Membrane switch circuit production utilizes high speed screen printing techniques which result in high speed production and high yield throughout. Finally, the circuit is sent thru a process where the conductor needed is left unharmed.  Two different types of membrane switches can be utilized with PTF circuits: graphic overlay and key pads. Some applications of PTF circuits are as follows:

Key Pad Switches:

  • Phones
  • Calculators
  • Keyboards
  • Remote controls
  • Thermostats

Graphic Overlays:

  • Dashboards
  • Instrumentation
  • Appliances
  • Electronic games

Single Sided Membrane Switch
Single Sided Membrane Switch

Base Material – The standard material used for membrane switches is Polyester. Other base material options include:

  • PET (Polyethylene terephthalate)
  • PEN (Polyethylene naphthalate)

Conductors – Conductive inks are the most widely used conductors and can be applied in various thicknesses and line widths to meet each customer’s requirements. Additional conductor options include:

  • Standard Silver Ink
  • Highly Conductive Silver Ink
  • Silver/Silver Chloride Ink
  • Carbon Ink
  • Copper
  • Carbon/Silver blend

Insulators – Screen printed dielectrics are used to mask conductors from external elements and to provide insulating layers between multiple conductor layers.

Adhesives – Adhesives are used only when combining membrane switches with touch-pads, keypads or some form of graphic overlay. Common adhesives include:

  • Epoxy
  • Acrylic
  • Pressure sensitive adhesives
Advanced Features
As the membrane switch market continues to expand, there have been many advances in technology including:

Silicon Rubber Keypad Single Sided Screened Silver
Silicon Rubber Keypad Single Sided Screened Silver

Touch Pads (or Key Pads) – The tactile response to the end user is the “feeling” felt upon touching the interactive component of the membrane switch. The tactile response can be designed in varying degrees: very little (or none) to extremely heavy and easily felt. Silicon Rubber Keypad Single Sided Screened Silver.

  • Silicone Rubber Keypads
  • Tactile & Non-Tactile Keys
  • Compression Molded or Cast
  • Multi-Color Mold & Screen Printed Legends
  • Abrasion Resistant Coatings

wo Layer Polyester Flex with Assembly
Two Layer Polyester Flex with Assembly

Component Assembly – At Flexible Circuit, we offer through hole and surface mount capabilities, as well as in circuit testing, conformal coating and electrostatic protective packaging.

Graphic Overlays

Graphic Overlays – Graphic Overlays can be placed over flex circuits, rigid boards or membrane switches. The overlays provide the user interface with the underlying circuit and typically are used in conjunction with LEDs, LCD displays or dome switches mounted on their circuits. The overlays are made from polycarbonate, polyester or acrylic.

Membrane with Z-Axis Adhesive for Hot Bar Solder
Membrane with Z-Axis Adhesive for Hot Bar Solder

"Stack Up" Charts

Single Layer Membrane Switch
Single Layer Membrane Switch

Two Layer Membrane Switch with Through Hole

Two Layer Membrane Switch with Through Hole

Four Layer Membrane Switch- Double Sided

In summary, if you have membrane switch design needs, Flexible Circuit Technologies can help.

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